tuesday, may 10, 2022
SCAO MONTHLY UPDATE FOR APRIL 2022

SCAO MONTHLY JUVENILE UPDATE – APRIL 2022

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Memorandums and Resources

Michigan's Juvenile Justice Reform Task Force (website)

      JJ Reform Task Force Meeting Information

Memorandum re: Friend of the Court Annual Statutory Review due August 5, 2022 (April 22, 2022)

Updated Trial Court Performance Measures Data (April 28, 2022)

Memorandum re: Michigan Reunification Month (April 14, 2022)

Memorandum re: Drug Testing in Abuse and Neglect Cases Following MDHHS Communication Issuance 22-025 (April 11, 2022)

 

Enacted Legislation

No new enacted legislation since the last monthly update.

Pending Legislation

Legislation with Movement in April:

HB-5274'21 - Modify Procedure to Amend or Expunge Inaccurate Reports

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.628

What it does: This bill amends section 8 of 1975 PA 238 to do the following:

? Require DHHS to enter each report made under the Child Protection Law Act that is the result of a field investigation into an electronic management system (not a CPSI system).

? In addition to classifying an allegation by category, would require DHHS to determine whether the child abuse or child neglect could be classified as a central registry case.

? Modifies the procedure to amend or expunge inaccurate reports of child abuse or child neglect.

HB-5275'21 - Statewide Electronic Case Management System for Child Abuse and Child Neglect Cases Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.627j

What it does: This bill amends section of 8 of 1975 PA 238 to do the following:

? Require DHHS to maintain a statewide electronic case management system

? Require DHHS to classify a confirmed case of methamphetamine production, confirmed serious abuse or neglect, confirmed sexual abuse, or confirmed sexual exploitation as a central registry case.

? Outline requirements for DHHS to notify in writing for each person who is named in the record as a perpetrator of the confirmed cases listed above

HB-5276'21 - Identification of Child Abuse and Child Neglect Claims that Require Central Registry Listing

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.625 et seq.

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What it does: This bill amends sections 5, 7d, 7e, 7g, 8b, 8d, & 9a of 1975 PA 238 to do the following:

? Provide for the identification of certain child abuse and child neglect claims that require listing in the central registry.

? Change references to “substantiated” or “unsubstantiated” reports of child abuse or child neglect to reports that “confirmed” or “unconfirmed”

? Change references to “serious physical injury” of a child to “serious physical harm”.

? Provide for “Wyatt’s Law” which concerns the release of specified information under certain circumstances.

HB-5277'21 - Central Registry Definition Modifications

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.622

What it does: This bill amends section 2 of 1975 PA 238 to modify definitions for certain child abuse or child neglect claims that require listing in the central registry.

HB-5278'21 - Release of Information Regarding Child Abuse of Child Neglect Claims

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.627

What it does: This bill amends section 7 of 1975 PA 238 to modify the list of entities to include child caring institutions licensed under the child care licensing act to the list of those entities to which certain confidential information regarding child abuse or child neglect claims may be made available to.

HB-5279'21 - Updates to Citations of Child Protection Law

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.120

What it does: This bill amends section 10 of 1973 PA 116 to update the childcare licensing act to update a citation to reflect renumbering of provisions.

HB-5280'21 - Child Care Licensing Act - Definitions

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.111 What it does: This bill amends sec 1 of 1973 PA 116 to define “severe physical injury” for the purpose of the childcare-licensing act.

HB-5594'21 - Administrative Review for Licensure of Certain Persons (Listed Prior to Effective Date)

Last Action: 04/28/2022 – Presented to the Governor.

Statute Cite: MCL 722.621 – 722.638

What it does: This bill amends 1975 PA 238 (MCL 722.621-722.638) by adding section 71 to allow an individual listed on the central registry before the effective date of the bill to submit a request to DHHS for administrative review for the expungement of his/her name from the statewide electronic case management system.

Adopted Court Rules/Administrative Orders

ADM File O. 2002-37 - Amendment of MCR 1.109

Issued and Adopted with concurrent comment period: 04/13/2022

Comment Period Expiration: 08/01/2022

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? The amendment of MCR 1.109 provides an e-filing court with the authority to determine the most appropriate means of sending notices and other court-issued documents that are generated from its case management or local document management system.

Proposed Court Rules/Administrative Orders

ADM File No. 2021-18 - Proposed Amendment of MCR 3.943 Update Definition of 'Firearm" in Juvenile Proceedings

Issued: 04/13/2022

Comment Period Expiration: 08/01/2022

? The proposed amendment of MCR 3.943 would update the definition of “firearm” in juvenile proceedings to be consistent with MCL 8.3t, which contains the definition referenced in the court rule’s companion statute, MCL 712A.18g.

ADM File No. 2020-33 - Proposed Amendment of MCR 3.903 Clarify Definition of a Party in Child Protective Proceedings

Issued: 04/13/2022

Comment Period Expiration: 08/01/2022

? The proposed amendment of MCR 3.903 would clarify the definition of a party in child protective proceedings.

Case Law Update

04/08/2022 (COA) In re Smith-Taylor, Minors.

TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS – REASONABLE EFFORTS

In lieu of granting leave to appeal, the Michigan Supreme Court reversed In re Smith-Taylor, ___ Mich App ___ (2021), holding that “[t]he Court of Appeals erred by concluding that [petitioner Department of Health and Human Services] was excused from preparing a case service plan for the respondent.” In re Smith-Taylor, ___ Mich ___, ___ (2022). “Reasonable efforts to reunify the child and family must be made in all cases absent aggravated circumstances,” and “must include a service plan outlining the steps that both [the Department] and the parent will take to rectify the issues that led to court involvement and to achieve reunification.” Id. at ___ (quotation marks and citations omitted; alteration in original). In this case, “[i]t is undisputed that the Department failed to create a case service plan for the respondent,” and “the Department joined the respondent-mother in a motion to remand the case to the trial court because the Department concedes that it did not make reasonable efforts to reunite the family as required by statute.” Id. at ___.

04/05/2022 Foster v Foster

DIVORCE – COLLATERAL ATTACK OF CONSENT JUDGMENT AND FEDERAL PREEMPTION

A party cannot “collaterally attack a provision in [a] consent judgment of divorce . . . on the ground that it conflicts with federal law.” Foster v Foster, ___ Mich ___, ___ (2022). In this case, “the provision of the parties’ consent judgment of divorce that divides defendant’s military retirement and disability benefits is generally enforceable under the doctrine of res judicata even though it is preempted by federal law,” and federal preemption “does not deprive our state courts of subject-matter jurisdiction over a divorce action

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involving the division of marital property.” Id. at ___. Accordingly, “defendant’s challenge to enforcement of the provision at issue is an improper collateral attack on a final judgment.” Id. at ___.

04/01/2022 In re BMGZ, Minor.

SPECIAL IMMIGRANT JUVENILE STATUS – REQUEST FOR TRIAL COURT FINDINGS RENDERED MOOT

In lieu of granting leave to appeal, the Michigan Supreme Court vacated In re BMGZ, ___ Mich App ___, ___ (2021), because “[w]here a case is rendered moot while on appeal, it is appropriate to vacate the decisions of the lower courts.” In re BMGZ, ___ Mich ___, ___ (2022). After the Court of Appeals judgment was entered, “the trial court denied appellant’s petition for stepparent adoption because the proposed adoptee had turned 18, although the denial was without prejudice to filing a petition for an adult adoption”—“[b]ecause the underlying proceedings have been dismissed, this appeal, which challenges the trial court’s interlocutory decision to decline appellant’s request that it make factual findings in support of appellant’s pursuit of Special Immigrant Juvenile status, is moot.” Id. at ___.

Forms

Tentative List of Form Changes to be Released for June 2022

 

Upcoming Trainings

MJI Training Opportunities

Friend of the Court and IV-D Case Closure

May 12, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. (Virtual)

This ninety-minute presentation will review State Court Administrative Office and Office of Child Support policies, current Michigan Compiled Laws, and Federal Regulations. In addition, case closure issues will be discussed, along with possible solutions to address those issues.

Juvenile Justice Vision 20/20 June 2022 Conference (In person at Grand Valley State University)

June 16, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.

June 17, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.

Juvenile Justice Vision 20/20 is proud to announce the first in-person Spring Training Conference since the pandemic, on June 16 & 17 at Grand Valley State University, Loosemore Auditorium, PEW Campus, downtown Grand Rapids! The theme of the conference is “The Post-Pandemic Impact on Juvenile Justice Youth”, and we are seeking CEUs for those interested. We hope you can join us!

How Being Trauma-Informed Improves Criminal Justice Response (Virtual Problem Solving Courts Training)

July 21, 2022 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

July 22, 2022 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

This training is open to all team members in a problem-solving court (drug, sobriety, hybrid, family dependency, juvenile, tribal Healing-to-Wellness, veterans’ treatment courts, and mental health courts). Attendees will learn what trauma is, how to create an awareness of the impact that trauma has on behavior, and how to develop trauma-informed responses. This is an interactive

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training tailored for criminal justice professionals to help avoid re-traumatizing individuals, increase safety for all, and decrease recidivism. This training will be held remotely via Zoom.

Child Welfare Services Training and Development Opportunities

Child Neglect and Physical Abuse: A Day Half-Full

May 24, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. (Virtual)

This half-day training will include two presentations from dynamic expert Dr. Dena Nazer, MD. The first presentation, “Child neglect - it takes a village to neglect a child”, will focus on case scenarios emphasizing that ensuring the child's rights is a responsibility of all of us. The second presentation, “Child Physical Abuse: Bruise, Burns, and Broken Bones", will provide a case-based presentation with a focus on recognizing child physical abuse. The training will also emphasize the importance of working together as a multidisciplinary team in order to prevent child maltreatment.

Intended Audience: This training is intended for all child welfare professionals including jurists, court staff, prosecutors, attorneys, Lawyer-Guardians Ad Litem, CPS and foster care workers, tribes, private agencies, law enforcement, medical professionals, mental health providers, education professionals, and foster care review board members.

Child Sexual Abuse Investigation Two-Day Continuum Conference (In person)

June 22, 2022 8:45 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.

June 23, 2022 8:45 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.

This two-day program will be the crescendo to the Child Sexual Abuse Investigation: 8-Part Webinar Series. Conference attendees will have participated in the webinars. The purpose of the training is to take a deeper dive and expand upon what was presented during the webinars. Rather than a formal presentation from a podium, the program format will be a moderated fireside chat addressing questions submitted by registrants. This unique format will allow for a meaningful two-way dialogue between the speakers and attendees facilitated by a moderator.

This training is intended for individuals that participated in the SCAO-CWS Child Sexual Abuse Investigation 8-Part Webinar Series.

Child Welfare Services Recorded Web-based Meet-ups

This link provides access to previously recorded webinars.

Interstate Commission for Juveniles

ICJ On-Demand Training Site

ICJ’s On-Demand training modules provide 24/7 access to a variety of information related to the compact rules and processes.

Michigan Juvenile Justice Assessment System (MJJAS) Training Schedule

2022 MJJSA Training Schedule

? May 11-12, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

? July 13-14, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – TBA

? August 4-5, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

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? September 7-8, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

? October 26-27, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – TBA

Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) Division of Juvenile Justice (JJ) is pleased to announce a sixth year of statewide training on the Michigan Juvenile Justice Assessment System (MJJAS). The MJJAS is provided to MDHHS through a contractual agreement with the University of Cincinnati Research Institute and is known as the Ohio Youth Assessment System© (OYAS). The MJJAS is a structured risk assessment tool that identifies the likelihood of a youth engaging in future criminal behavior and informs appropriate risk classification. The MJJAS assessments can be re-administered over time to determine changes in risk level based upon changes in behavioral profile or life situation. The MJJAS can be used at five different decision points for a youth: diversion, detention, disposition, juvenile justice residential placement, and reentry to the community from residential placement. In addition to risk assessment, results from the disposition, residential and reentry tools are assistive for case planning, and for identification of residential and re-entry service needs.

There is no registration fee for this training. JJ specialists and supervisors, and public and private residential treatment staff and supervisors working with juvenile justice youth under the care and supervision of MDHHS will be given priority to register for this training. Registration for others is on a first-come, first-served basis. Participants that fail to attend, arrive late, depart early, or attend only portions of the training will not be eligible to receive certification to administer the MJJAS. Virtual classes will close approximately two weeks prior to registration or sooner if class size is reached.

Registration for MJJAS classes should be completed using the MDHHS Learning Management System (LMS). Those with access to MiSACWIS should have MDHHS LMS access and should follow the listed steps in LMS to register for the training. If you encounter problems or need assistance registering for training contact the LMS helpdesk at MDHHStraining@michigan.gov. If you need to cancel after you have been confirmed to attend the training, this should also be completed through the LMS. If you do not have access to the LMS, you may contact Michelle Sage at MDHHS-MJJAS@michigan.gov or Clinton Wirtz, at wirtzc@michigan.gov for information on how to register.



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tuesday, may 10, 2022
SCAO MONTHLY UPDATE FOR MARCH 2022

SCAO MONTHLY JUVENILE UPDATE- MARCH 2022

 

MICHIGAN JUVENILE JUSTICE REFORM TASK FORCE WEBSITE

         ♦JJ Reform Task Force Meeting Information

FAQ re: Personal Identifying Information in Court Filings (April 5, 2022)

MEMORANDUM RE: LIST OF AUTHORIZED INDIVIDUAL--PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION (PII) (MARCH 23, 2022)

Memorandum re: Updated Court Manual, Abstract Training Manuals and Abstract Training (March 23, 2022)

Enacted Legislation

 

PA 47 OF 2022- EXPANSION OF "MANDATED REPORTERS"

Effective Date: June 21, 2022

Statute Cite: MCL 722.623

What it does: The bill amends the Child Protection Law to include physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, occupational therapists, and athletic trainers as mandated reporters. The Law requires individuals in various professions or occupations to report to the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) if they have reasonable cause to suspect child abuse or child neglect. These individuals, commonly referred to as "mandated reporters", include medical professionals, marriage therapists, licensed counselors, social workers, social service technicians, law enforcement officers, members of the clergy, and regulated child care providers. The bill will include physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, occupational therapists, and athletic trainers in the list of mandated reporters.

Pending Legislation

HB 5940' 22 - Amend Definition of Child Abuse and Child Neglect

Last Action: 03/23/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Health Policy

Statute Cite: MCL 722.622

What it does: This bill would amend the Child Protection Law to include serious mental or emotional abuse in the definitions of “child abuse” and “child neglect."

HB 5941'22 - Prohibit Sentencing Juvenile to Imprisonment for Life Without Parole Eligibility

Last Action: 03/22/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary

Statute Cite: MCL 769.1, MCL 769.1b, MCL 769.25, & MCL 769.25a.

What it does: This bill would amend the Code of Criminal Procedure to prohibit sentencing an individual convicted as a juvenile to imprisonment for life without parole eligibility.

HB 5942'22 - Provide Parole for Certain Juvenile Offenders

Last Action: 03/22/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary

Statute Cite: MCL 791.234

What it does: This bill amends the Corrections Code of 1953 to provide for parole of certain juvenile offenders under certain circumstances.

HB 5943'22 - Prohibit Sentencing Juveniles to Imprisonment for Life Without Parole Eligibility

Last Action: 03/22/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary

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Statute Cite: MCL 712A.158

What it does: This bill amends the Juvenile Code to prohibit sentencing juveniles to imprisonment for life without parole eligibility.

HB 5944'22 - Exclude Application to Juvenile Offenders for Certain Offenses (Imprisonment of Life Without Parole Eligibility)

Last Action: 03/22/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary

Statute Cite: MCL 750.16

What it does: This bill amends the Michigan Penal Code to exclude the application of certain penalties for certain crimes of imprisonment for life without parole eligibility to juvenile offenders.

HB 5974'22 - Revise Definition of Relative for Purposes of Placement

Last Action: 03/24/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

Statute Cite: MCL 712A.13a

What it does: This bill amends the Juvenile Code to revise the definition of a relative for the purpose of placement.

HB 5975'22 - Trauma-Informed Required Training for Lawyer-Guardian Ad Litem

Last Action: 03/24/2022: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

Statute Cite: MCL 712A.17d

What it does: This bill amends the Juvenile Code to require trauma-informed training for lawyer-guardian ad litem.

 

Adopted Court Rules/Administrative Orders

ADM File no. 2020-26 - Amendments to MCR 1.109 and MCR 8.119 - Effective Date of Amendments to Person Identifying Information

Issued: 03/09/2022

Effective: 04/01/2022

? The amendments of MCR 1.109 and MCR 8.119 update references to the effective date of the amendments regarding personal identifying information.

ADM File No. 2021-33 - Amendment of Administrative Order No. 1997-10

Issued: 03/16/2022

Effective: 07/01/2022

? The amendment of Administrative Order No. 1997-10 clarifies which information about jobs within the judiciary would be available to the public.

 

Case Law Update

02/24/2022 (COA) In re M.R. Simonetta, Minor.

TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS – AGGRAVATED CIRCUMSTANCES OF SEVERE PHYSICAL ABUSE

“Reasonable efforts to reunify the child and family must be made in all cases except those involving aggravated circumstances”—“‘aggravated circumstances’ are limited to six events or occurrences in the life of a ‘child.’” In re Simonetta, ___ Mich App ___, ___ (2022) (quotation marks and citation omitted).

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“Maternal drug use does not give rise to an aggravated circumstance permitting the termination of parental rights under any circumstances because a fetus is not a ‘child’ under the Probate Code.’’ Id. at ___. Accordingly, “respondent’s prenatal use of opioids and marijuana [did not] permit[] petitioner to withhold services on the ground that the child had been subjected to an ‘aggravated circumstance,’ specifically ‘severe physical abuse’”—“[a]ggravated circumstances do not exist in this case as a matter of law, supporting vacation of the termination of respondent’s parental rights on that ground alone.” Id. at ___. Moreover, “[t]he circuit court additionally erred by construing the evidence as consistent with ‘severe physical abuse’” where petitioner “failed to introduce any evidence supporting that respondent’s opioid use harmed [the child]”; “[r]ather, the evidence demonstrates that [the child] was placed in a special care nursery only after her meconium tested positive for opioids, not because she exhibited signs or symptoms of neonatal abstinence syndrome.” Id. at ___.

02/24/2022 (COA) In re Farris/White, Minors.

TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS – AGGRIEVED PARTY

“An appeal can only be taken by parties who are affected by the judgment appealed from,” and “[a] party is aggrieved by a judgment or order when it operates on his rights and property or bears directly on his interest.” In re Farris/White, ___ Mich App ___, ___ (2022) (quotation marks and citation omitted). In this case, following the termination of respondent’s parental rights, “[r]espondent’s counsel . . . executed a request for appellate counsel ‘on behalf of’ respondent,” even though “trial counsel readily acknowledged that he had not been in communication with respondent for several months at the time he filed the request.” Id. at ___. “Based on these facts, . . . ‘an aggrieved party’ did not file the request for appellate counsel”; “[i]nstead, respondent’s trial counsel initiated the appeal by requesting that respondent be appointed appellate counsel.” Id. at ___. “Under these circumstances, the court should have rejected the unauthorized request for appellate counsel.” Id. at ___.

 

Forms

Notice of Revisions to PC 652, Limited Guardianship Placement Plan (April 6, 2022)

This form was revised to insert language requiring the use of MC 97a to protect personal identifying

information pursuant to MCR 1.109(D). The form was also modified to incorporate current form

standards for design and MiFILE.

Notice of Revisions to FOC 113, Motion to Permit Foreign Travel

This form was revised to remove a field for protected personal identifying information pursuant to

MCR 1.109(D). The form was also modified to incorporate current form standards for design and

MiFILE.

Upcoming Trainings

MJI Training Opportunities

Interaction of Immigration and Family Law: Session I - Immigration Law Overview

April 14, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. (Virtual)

Immigration status is an important factor in the lives of many who appear in state court proceedings. A basic understanding of the U.S. immigration system, including an overview of U.S. immigration laws and the agencies that implement and enforce immigration law, can inform interactions with various legal systems. This session will introduce key concepts and terms in U.S.

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immigration law, explain how the immigration process works, and provide general information on the various issues and concerns that arise for immigrants in different statuses.

Michigan Probate & Juvenile Registers Association Adoption Conference

April 22, 2022 10:00 a.m. – 2:30 p.m. (Comfort Inn – Mt. Pleasant, MI)

For more information about the Michigan Probate & Juvenile Registers Association one-day adoption conference, contact Veronica Stillson at stillsonv@vanburencountymi.gov, or Theresa Nelson at nelsont@clinton-county.org.

Interaction of Immigration and Family Law: Session II - Interaction of Immigration and Family Law

April 28, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m. (Virtual)

Building from the overview from Session I, this session will focus on the ways in which issues of immigration law and status interact with family law. In particular, this session will examine ways in which interactions with family service and child protection systems create both opportunities and dangers for immigrant families and will identify principles for approaching the complex interaction of family and immigration law.

Child Welfare Services Training and Development Opportunities

Pre-Petition and Attorney Contract Strategies for Maximizing Legal Representation in Child Protective Proceedings

April 14, 2022 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m.

This presentation will discuss how counties can invest in pre-petition legal advocacy programs to safely eliminate the need for foster care and will highlight innovative programs in Michigan. Presenters will also focus on why it is important for courts to review and reevaluate their court appointed attorney contracts to maximize services to the court and families, in an effort to achieve more timely permanency.

Intended Audience: This training is intended for jurists, court staff, MDHHS and private agency managers, parent attorneys, and Lawyer-Guardians Ad Litem.

Child Neglect and Physical Abuse: A Day Half-Full

May 24, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. (Virtual)

This half-day training will include two presentations from dynamic expert Dr. Dena Nazer, MD. The first presentation, “Child neglect - it takes a village to neglect a child”, will focus on case scenarios emphasizing that ensuring the child's rights is a responsibility of all of us. The second presentation, “Child Physical Abuse: Bruise, Burns, and Broken Bones", will provide a case-based presentation with a focus on recognizing child physical abuse. The training will also emphasize the importance of working together as a multidisciplinary team in order to prevent child maltreatment.

Intended Audience: This training is intended for all child welfare professionals including jurists, court staff, prosecutors, attorneys, Lawyer-Guardians Ad Litem, CPS and foster care workers,

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tribes, private agencies, law enforcement, medical professionals, mental health providers, education professionals, and foster care review board members.

Child Welfare Services Recorded Web-based Meet-ups

This link provides access to previously recorded webinars.

Interstate Commission for Juveniles

ICJ On-Demand Training Site

ICJ’s On-Demand training modules provide 24/7 access to a variety of information related to the compact rules and processes.

Michigan Juvenile Justice Assessment System (MJJAS) Training Schedule

2022 MJJSA Training Schedule

? May 11-12, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

? July 13-14, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – TBA

? August 4-5, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

? September 7-8, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – Virtual

? October 26-27, 2022 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (a lunch break will be provided) – TBA

Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) Division of Juvenile Justice (JJ) is pleased to announce a sixth year of statewide training on the Michigan Juvenile Justice Assessment System (MJJAS). The MJJAS is provided to MDHHS through a contractual agreement with the University of Cincinnati Research Institute and is also known as the Ohio Youth Assessment System© (OYAS). The MJJAS is a structured risk assessment tool that identifies the likelihood of a youth engaging in future criminal behavior and informs appropriate risk classification. The MJJAS assessments can be re-administered over time to determine changes in risk level based upon changes in behavioral profile or life situation. The MJJAS can be used at five different decision points for a youth: diversion, detention, disposition, juvenile justice residential placement, and reentry to the community from residential placement. In addition to risk assessment, results from the disposition, residential and reentry tools are assistive for case planning, and for identification of residential and re-entry service needs.

There is no registration fee for this training. JJ specialists and supervisors, and public and private residential treatment staff and supervisors working with juvenile justice youth under the care and supervision of MDHHS will be given priority to register for this training. Registration for others is on a first-come, first-served basis. Participants that fail to attend, arrive late, depart early, or attend only portions of the training will not be eligible to receive certification to administer the MJJAS. Virtual classes will close approximately two weeks prior to registration or sooner if class size is reached.

Registration for MJJAS classes should be completed using the MDHHS Learning Management System (LMS). Those with access to MiSACWIS should have MDHHS LMS access and should follow the listed steps in LMS to register for the training. If you encounter problems or need assistance registering for training contact the LMS helpdesk at MDHHStraining@michigan.gov. If you need to cancel after you have been confirmed to attend the training, this should also be completed through the LMS. If you do not have access to the LMS, you may contact Michelle Sage at MDHHS-MJJAS@michigan.gov or Clinton Wirtz, at wirtzc@michigan.gov for information on how to register.



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thursday, march 17, 2022
Passed, Pending and Enacted Legislation for February 2022

Enacted Legislation

No newly enacted legislation pertaining to juvenile court this month.

Pending Legislation

No newly introduced legislation pertaining to juvenile court this month.

Adopted Court Rules/Administrative Orders

ADM File No. 2021-47 - Amendment of MCR 3.950 - Sight and Sound Issued: 12/29/2021 – Adopted and Published for Comment Comment

Period Expires: 04/01/2022

  • In response to a request from the ACLU, MCR 3.950 is amended to make the rule consistent with MCL 764.27a by requiring juvenile offenders who are waived into the adult criminal justice system under MCL 712A.4 to be kept separate and apart from adult prisoners.

ADM 2017-28 - Amendment of MCR 1.109 (Persons Authorized to Have Access to DOB) Issued: 12/06/2021- Adopted and Published for Comment Comment

Period Expires: 04/01/2022

  • Establishes a process for individuals to be authorized to have access to a party’s date of birth for purposes of verification of identity with that party’s consent.


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thursday, february 10, 2022
Enacted & Pending Legislation & Adopted Court Rules, February 2022

Enacted Legislation

PA 118 of 2021 - Modify Jurisdiction over Juveniles (RTA)
Effective Date: 11/30/2021
Statute Cite: MCL 712A.3 and MCL 712A.5
What it does: The bill would amend the juvenile code as follows:
• Amends MCL 712A.3 to include a provision that for an offense occurring before October 1, 2021 that if during pendency of a criminal charge against an individual in any other that court it is ascertained that the individual was under the age of 17 at the time of the commission of the offense, the other court shall transfer the case without delay, together with all the papers, documents, and testimony connected with that case, to the family division of the circuit court of the county in which the other court is situated or in which the individual resides. For an offense occurring on or after October 1, 2021, if during the pendency of a criminal charge against an individual in any other court it is ascertained that the individual was under the age of 18 at the time of the commission of the offense, the other court shall transfer the case without delay, together with all the papers, documents, and testimony connected with that case, to the family division of the circuit court of the county in which the other court is situated or in which the individual resides.
• Amend 712A.5 to indicate that the court does not have jurisdiction over an individual after he or she attains 19 years of age, excepted as provided in section 2a of the code. Changes the term “juvenile “to “an individual”.


Pending Legislation


SB 0851'22 - Juvenile Sentencing
Last Action: 01/27/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 712A.18
What it does: This bill amends the probate code of 1939 to prohibit sentencing a juvenile to imprisonment for life without parole eligibility.


SB 0850-22 - Juvenile Sentencing
Last Action: 01/27/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 769.1, 769.1b, 769.25, and 769.25a
What it does: This bill amends section 1 and 1b, and repeals sections 25 and 25a of 1927 PA 175 to prohibit sentencing an individual convicted as a juvenile to imprisonment for life without parole eligibility.


SB 0849'22 - Parole for Juvenile Offenders
Last Action: 01/27/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 791.234
What it does: This bill amends section 34 of the 1953 PA 232 to provide for parole of certain juvenile offenders under certain circumstances.

SB 0848'22 - Juvenile Sentencing (Exclusion of Juvenile Offenders)
Last Action: 01/27/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 750.16 et seq.
What it does: This bill amends sections of the Michigan penal code to exclude application to juvenile offenders of penalties for certain crimes of imprisonment of life without parole eligibility.


SB 0825'22 - Elimination of Life Sentences for Juvenile Offenders
Last Action: 01/19/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 769.25 and 769.25a
What it does: This bill amends section 25 and repeals section 25a of the 1927 PA 175 to eliminate life sentences for juvenile offenders.
SB 0824'22 - Modification of Sentencing Guidelines for Juvenile Offenders
Last Action: 01/19/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary and Public Safety
Statute Cite: MCL 750.16 et seq.
What it does: This bill amends section 16, 18, 200i, 204, 207, 209, 210, 211a, 316, 436, and 543f of the Michigan Penal Code to modify the sentencing guidelines regarding life sentences for juvenile offenders.


HB-5681'21 - Remote Victim Impact Statements
Last Action: 01/18/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary
Statute Cite: MCL 780.765 et seq.
What it does: This bill amends sections 15, 43, & 75 of 1985 PA 87 and allows victim impact statements to be made remotely.


HB-5680'21 - Public Video Recordings of Court Proceedings
Last Action: 01/018/2022 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary
Statute Cite: MCL 780.758 et seq.
What it does: This bill amends sections 8, 38, & 68 of 1985 PA 87 and allows the victims’ face to be blurred in certain public video recordings of court proceedings.


Adopted Court Rules/Administrative Orders


ADM File No. 2021-47 - Amendment of MCR 3.950 - Sight and Sound
Issued: 12/29/2021 – Adopted and Published for Comment
Comment Period Expires: 04/01/2022
• In response to a request from the ACLU, MCR 3.950 is amended to make the rule consistent with MCL 764.27a by requiring juvenile offenders who are waived into the adult criminal justice system under MCL 712A.4 to be kept separate and apart from adult prisoners.


ADM 2017-28 - Amendment of MCR 1.109 (Persons Authorized to Have Access to DOB)
Issued: 12/06/2021- Adopted and Published for Comment
Comment Period Expires: 04/01/2022
• Establishes a process for individuals to be authorized to have access to a party’s date of birth for purposes of verification of identity with that party’s consent.

ADM File No. 2020-26 - Amendments of MCR 1.109 and 8.119
*ADM File No. 2020-26 - Amendment of MCR 1.109 and 8.119 (extension order)
Issued: 12/06/2021
Effective: 04/01/2022
*The extension of the effective date of this order is intended to allow for additional programming changes and other changes required by trial courts and court users to implement the rule changes.
• The amendments of MCR 1.109 and 8.119 allow SCAO flexibility in protecting an individual’s person identifying information and clarify when a court is and is not required to redact protected personal identifying information.


ADM File No. 2021-12 - Amendments of MCR 2.117, 3.708, 3.951, 6.005, 6.104, 6.445, 6.610, 6.625, 6.905, 6.907, 6.937, and 6.938 - Appointment of Counsel for Indigent Defendants
Issued: 09/22/2021
Effective: 01/01/2022
• The amendments shift the responsibility for appointment of counsel for an indigent defendant in a criminal proceeding to the local funding unit’s appointing authority. The proposal was submitted by the Michigan Indigent Defense Commission, and intended to implement recently-approved Standard Five of the MIDC Standards.


ADM File No. 2021-14 - Mandatory Submission of Case Data to the Judicial Data Warehouse
Issued: 09/23/2021
Effective: 01/01/2022
• Makes it mandatory for all courts to submit case information to the Judicial Data Warehouse in a uniform manner as required by SCAO.



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tuesday, november 09, 2021
Pending Legislation for October 2021

SB 0683'21 - Modify Jurisdiction over Juveniles (RTA)

Statute Cite: MCL 712A.3 and MCL 712A.5

Status: 10/26/2021 – Reported with recommendation without amendment and placed on second reading.

What it does: The bill would amend the juvenile code as follows:

- Amends MCL 712A.3 to include a provision that for an offense occurring before October 1, 2021 that if during pendency of a criminal charge against an individual in any other that court it is ascertained that the individual was under the age of 17 at the time of the commission of the offense, the other court shall transfer the case without delay, together with all the papers,

documents, and testimony connected with that case, to the family division of the circuit court of the county in which the other court is situated or in which the individual resides. For an offense occurring on or after October 1, 2021, if during the pendency of a criminal charge against an individual in any other court it is ascertained that the individual was under the age of 18 at the time of the commission of the offense, the other court shall transfer the case without delay, together with all the papers, documents, and testimony connected with that case, to the family division of the circuit court of the county in which the other court is situated or in which the individual resides.

- Amend 712A.5 to indicate that the court does not have jurisdiction over an individual after he or she attains 19 years of age, excepted as provided in section 2a of the code. Changes the term “juvenile “to “an individual”.



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tuesday, november 09, 2021
A Review of the Raise the Age bill package that went into effect October 1, 2021

No new enacted juvenile legislation in October 2021. However, the Raise the Age (RTA) legislation was effective as of October 1, 2021. Below are a list of the effected statutes and a brief of summary of each:

Raise the Age Fund (MCL 400.117i): Creation of a “raise the age” fund within the department of the state treasury, and makes MDHHS the administrator of the fund. The department is to expend the money from the fund to cover the costs of expenses incurred due to raising the age of criminal responsibility, which are not covered by the child care fund.

Age of Juvenile Court Jurisdiction (MCL 712A.11): Provides that if the juvenile attains his or her 18th birthday (instead of 17th) after the filing of the delinquency petition, the court’s jurisdiction shall continue

beyond the juvenile’s 18th birthday and the court may hear and dispose of the petition. Additionally, amends MCL 712A.11(5) to refer to the collection of a juvenile’s biometric data (instead of fingerprints).

Juvenile Competency (MCL 330.2060a(4)): Redefines the term “juvenile” to include those individuals who are under the age of 18, instead of 17, and who are the subject of a delinquency petition for the purposes of juvenile competency proceedings.

Holmes Youthful Training Act (HYTA)(MCL 762.11): Revises the age of eligibility requirement for assignment to the Holmes Youth Trainee Act (HYTA) and allows assignment to HYTA for an individual between the ages of 18 - 26.

Juvenile Diversion Act (MCL 722.822(e) and MCL 722.828(3)): Redefines the term “minor” to mean an individual less than 18 years of age. Changes the length of time a juvenile diversion record shall be retained. Juvenile diversion records is destroyed within 28 days of after the minor’s 18th birthday.

Prohibition Regarding Lock-Up (MCL 712A.16(1)): Prohibits a juvenile taken into custody or detained who is under 18 years of age to be confined in any police station, prison, jail, lock-up facility with adult criminals.

Transfer of Case to Family Division (MCL 764.27): Requires that an individual less than 18 years of age who is arrested be immediately taken before the Family Division of the Circuit Court. Further, except for the cases in which the juvenile has been waived to circuit court, requires the transfer of a criminal case to the family division if it is discovered during the pendency of a criminal case that the individual was less than 18 years old.

Prohibition on Juvenile Confinement or Transport (MCL 750.139): Prohibits individuals under the age of 18 to be confined in the same space with an adult offender or to be transported in a vehicle with an adult offender. This is a change from the previous requirement of a child under 16 years of age.

Confinement of Designated & Waived Juveniles in County Jail (MCL 764.27a): Raises the age of a juvenile that may be held in the county jail pending trial from 17 to 18.

Specified Juvenile Violations (MCL 764.1f): Allows a prosecutor to authorize the filing of a complaint and warrant in district court in regards to a juvenile who is 14 years of age or older but less than 18 years of age who is alleged to have committed a specified juvenile violation. This changes the age from 17 to 18. Does not make any changes to the specified violations.

Circuit Court Waiver of Jurisdiction (MCL 600.606): Provides that circuit court has jurisdiction to hear and determine a specified juvenile violation if committed by a juvenile age 14 but less than age 18. Allows for the circuit court of general criminal jurisdiction to process juvenile waiver cases. No change to the list of the specified violations.

Michigan Indigent Defense Commission (MIDC)(MCL 780.983): Changes the definition of “adult” to an individual who is older than 18 years of age. Amends the definition of “adult” to also include an individual who is under 18 years of age under the following circumstances:

1) Prosecutor files a petition to waive the juvenile to circuit court;

2) Prosecutor files the petition as a prosecutor designated case in the family division;

3) Prosecutor files a request asking the court to designate the juvenile to be tried as an adult in the family division; and

4) Prosecutor authorizes the filing of a complaint and warrant again the juvenile in district court

Juvenile Code – Juvenile Definition (MCL 712A.1 and 712A.3): Changes the definition of a juvenile to a person who is under 18 years of age. Additionally, requires the transfer of a criminal case to the family division if the court discovered during the pendency of the charge that the juvenile was under the age of 18 at the time of the offense. The case is to be transferred to the family division of the circuit court in which the other court is situated or in which the person resides. The family division will hear and dispose of the case in same manner as if the case had been originally instituted in that court.

Youth Rehabilitation Services Act (MCL 803.302): Revises the definition of public ward to include a youth accepted for care by a youth agency who is at least 12 years of age when committed to the youth agency by the juvenile division of the probate court or the family division of the circuit court under MCL 712A.18, if the court acquired jurisdiction over the youth under MCL 712A.2(a) or MCL 712A.2(d), and the act for which the youth is committed occurred before his or her eighteenth (instead of seventeenth) birthday.

Sight and Sound Separation (MCL 712A.14 and 712A.15): Requires a juvenile under the age of 18 to be separated and have no verbal, visual, or physical contact with an adult prisoner/inmate if the juvenile is being held in a jail or other detention facility.

Personal Protection Orders (MCL 764.15b): Requires that a personal protection order (PPO) state on its face that a person age 18 or older will be subject to criminal contempt for a violation. A person less than 18 years of age will be subject to a juvenile disposition. Makes the age change from 17 to 18.

Raise the Age of Jurisdiction (MCL 712A.2): Raises the age of jurisdiction of the family division of the circuit court. The family division of the circuit court will have jurisdiction over juveniles who are under 18 years old. Raises the age from 17 to 18.

Child Care Fund Reimbursement Rate (MCL 400.117a): Addresses the payment of costs incurred for the new population of juveniles resulting from raising the age. Provides the following:

Beginning 10/01/2021, the state will pay 100% of the cost to provide services to juveniles coming within the court’s jurisdiction who are at least 17 years old but less than 18 years old at the time of the offense.

Beginning 10/01/2025, the state and the county will share the cost of child care fund eligible expenses for all juveniles including those who were 17 years old – 18 years old at the time of the offense. No change to the funding mechanism for juveniles under the age of 17 at the time of the offense



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monday, october 18, 2021
September Adopted Court Rules

1. Amendments of MCR 2.117, 3.708, 3.951, 6.005, 6.104, 6.445, 6.610, 6.625, 6.905, 6.907, 6.937, and 6.938

Would generally shift the responsibility of appointment of counsel for indigent defendants in criminal proceedings to the local funding unit’s appointing authority.

Issued: September 22, 2021

Effective: January 1, 2022

2. Retention of Amendments of MCR 3.903, 3.925, and 3.944 and Additional Revision of MCR 3.944

Confidentiality of Juvenile Records

Status Offenders Who Violate a Valid Court Order/Secure Detention

Issued and Effective: September 22, 2021

3. Retention of Amendments of MCR 3.903, 3.945, 3.966, 3.975, and 3.976 and Retention of the Additional MCR 3.947

Placement of Foster Children in A Qualified Residential Treatment Program (DL and NA)

Issued and Effective: September 22, 2021

4. Addition of MCR 3.906 (Establishes a Procedure Regarding the Use of Restraints on a Juvenile in Court Proceedings)

Issued: July 28, 2021

Effective: September 1, 2021



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friday, september 03, 2021
Newly Adopted Court Rules August 2021

1. Addition of MCR 3.906 (Establishes a Procedure Regarding the Use of Restraints on a Juvenile in Court Proceedings)

Issued: July 28, 2021

Effective: September 1, 2021

2. Rescission of Administrative Order Nos. 2020-1, 2020-6, 2020-9, 2020-13, 2020-14, 2020-19, and 2020-21 and Amendments of Rules 2.002, 2.107, 2.305, 2.407, 2.506, 2.621, 3.904, 6.006, 6.106, 6.425, 8.110, 9.112, 9.115, and 9.221 of the Michigan Court Rules and Administrative Order No. 2020-17 (Moves Several Substantive Provisions From Most of the Remaining Pandemic-Related Administrative Orders into Court Rule Format)

Issued and Effective: July 26, 2021

Comment Period Expiration: November 1, 2021



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friday, september 03, 2021
Pending Legislation for August 2021

HB 5280'21 - Child Protection Definition of Severe Physical Injury

Statute Cite: MCL 722.111

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Spells out the definition of “severe physical injury.”

HB 5279'21 - Child Protection Law Citations

Statute Cite: MCL 722.120

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Updates citations to the child protection law.

HB 5278'21 - Central Registry Release of Information

Statute Cite: MCL 722.627

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Modifies the release of certain information regarding child abuse or child neglect claims that require listing in the central registry.

HB-5277'21 - Central Registry Definitions

Statute Cite: MCL 722.622

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Modifies definitions for certain child abuse or child neglect claims that require listing in the central registry.

HB 5276'21 - Central Registry

Statute Cite: MCL 722.625, 722.627d, 722.627e, 722.627g, 722.628b, 722.628d, and MCL 722.6129a

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Provides for identification of certain child abuse or child neglect claims that require listing in the central registry.

HB 5275'21 - Statewide Case Management System

Statute Cite: MCL 722.627j

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Creates and maintains a statewide electronic case management system for child abuse or child neglect cases.

HB 5274'21 - Inaccurate Report of Child Abuse or Child Neglect

Statute Cite: MCL 722.628

Status: 08/18/2021: Introduced and Referred to Comte on Families, Children, and Seniors

• Modifies the procedure to amend or expunge inaccurate reports of child abuse or child neglect.



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wednesday, july 28, 2021
HB 4987 - Elimination of Reimbursement of Fines, Fees, and Costs

HB 4987 - Elimination of Reimbursement of Fines, Fees, and Costs

Statute Cite: MCL 712A.2f et seq and MCL 712A.18m

Status: June 10, 2021 – Introduced and Referred to Comte on Judiciary

Eliminates provision requiring juvenile, parents, or legal custodian to reimburse the court for the cost of consent calendar services.

Includes a provision that the court shall not order a juvenile, parent, guardian, or legal custodian to pay for fees or costs associated with consent calendar services.

Eliminates the assessment of state minimum costs.

For youth committed to a state institution or agency, eliminates requirement of using benefits received to pay for portions of the cost of care in the institution or facility that parents are found unable to pay.

Requires the court to not order the juvenile, parent, guardian, or legal custodian to pay fees or costs associated with community service.

Eliminates the assessment of civil fines when a juvenile is found to have violated a municipal ordinance or a state or a federal law.

Requires the court to not order the juvenile, parent, guardian, or legal custodian to pay fines associated with a violation of a municipal ordinance or a state or federal law if another disposition has been ordered.

Eliminates the provision for reimbursement of out of home care costs by the juvenile, parent, guardian, or legal custodian.

For delinquent accounts, eliminates the ability for courts to enter an order to intercept state tax refunds or the federal income tax refund of a child, parent, or custodian.

Requires the court to not order the juvenile, parent, guardian, or legal custodian to pay for the costs of care, services, court-appointed attorneys, or other costs or assessments related to the juvenile’s court proceeding.

Require that the juvenile not be placed outside of the home solely based upon nonpayment of restitution or refusal to do community service.

Eliminates need to mail a copy of disposition to the department of treasury.

Modifies the allocations of payments regarding restitution and other payments

Eliminates the court ordering reimbursement to the court for any fine, fees, or costs related to the juvenile’s court case.

Beginning July 1, 2022, the court would no longer collect the balance of any court-ordered fines, fees, or costs previously assessed to a juvenile. Additionally, only the portion of any court order that imposed fines, fees, or costs would be vacated and be unenforceable.

Do you support? Comment below.



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